Login | Request Account (DAF staff only)

Anti-Yeast Synergistic Effects and Mode of Action of Australian Native Plant Essential Oils

Alderees, F., Mereddy, R., Were, S., Netzel, M. E. and Sultanbawa, Y. (2021) Anti-Yeast Synergistic Effects and Mode of Action of Australian Native Plant Essential Oils. Applied Sciences, 11 (22). p. 10670. ISSN 2076-3417

[img]
Preview
PDF
3MB

Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.3390/app112210670

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/11/22/10670

Abstract

Yeasts are the most common group of microorganisms responsible for spoilage of soft drinks and fruit juices due to their ability to withstand juice acidity and pasteurization temperatures and resist the action of weak-acid preservatives. Food industries are interested in the application of natural antimicrobial compounds as an alternative solution to the spoilage problem. This study attempts to investigate the effectiveness of three Australian native plant essential oils (EOs) Tasmanian pepper leaf (TPL), lemon myrtle (LM) and anise myrtle (AM) against weak-acid resistant yeasts, to identify their major bioactive compounds and to elucidate their anti-yeast mode of action. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were assessed for EOs against weak-acid resistant yeasts (Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Dekkera anomala, Dekkera bruxellensis, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Zygosaccharomyces bailii and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii) and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli). The EOs showed anti-yeast and antibacterial activity at concentrations ranging from 0.03–0.07 mg/mL and 0.22–0.42 mg/mL for TPL and 0.07–0.31 mg/mL and 0.83–1.67 mg/mL for LM, respectively. The EOs main bioactive compounds were identified as polygodial in TPL, citral (neral and geranial) in LM and anethole in AM. No changes in the MICs of the EOs were observed in the sorbitol osmotic protection assay but were found to be increased in the ergosterol binding assay after the addition of exogenous ergosterol. Damaging of the yeast cell membrane, channel formation, cell organelles and ion leakage could be identified as the mode of action of TPL and LM EOs. The studied Australian native plant EOs showed potential as natural antimicrobials that could be used in the beverage and food industry against the spoilage causing yeasts.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science, Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Australian native plants; essential oils; weak-acid resistant yeast; natural antimicrobials; anti-yeast activity
Subjects:Science > Biology > Biochemistry
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural chemistry. Agricultural chemicals
Plant culture
Deposited On:29 Nov 2021 06:00
Last Modified:29 Nov 2021 06:00

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics