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Efficient induction of comprehensive immune responses to control pathogenic E. coli by clay nano-adjuvant with the moderate size and surface charge

Chen, W. and Zuo, H. and Mahony, T. J. and Zhang, B. and Rolfe, B. and Xu, Z. P. (2017) Efficient induction of comprehensive immune responses to control pathogenic E. coli by clay nano-adjuvant with the moderate size and surface charge. Scientific reports, 7 (1). p. 13367. ISSN 2045-2322

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13570-2

Abstract

In recent decades, diseases caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli), enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) O26 have been increasingly reported worldwide, which are as severe as those caused by EHEC strain O157:H7 and require effective intervention strategies. Herein, we report the application of clay nanoparticles, i.e. hectorites as effective nano-adjuvants for vaccination against EHEC O26 colonization. We show that medium size HEC (hectorite, around 73~77 nm diameter) is able to induce efficient humoral and cellular immune responses against EHEC antigen - intimin beta (IB), which are significantly higher than those triggered by commercially used adjuvants - QuilA and Alum. We also demonstrate that mice immunized with IB adjuvanted with HEC nanoparticles elicit sufficient secretion of mucosal IgA, capable of providing effective protection against EHEC O26 binding to ruminant and human cells. In addition, we demonstrate for the first time that hectorites are able to initiate maturation of RAW 264.7 macrophages, inducing expression of co-stimulatory cytokines at a low nanoparticle concentration (10 mug/mL). Together these data strongly suggest that hectorite with optimized size is a highly efficient vaccine nano-adjuvant.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Science > Biology > Biochemistry
Science > Microbiology > Immunology
Science > Microbiology > Bacteria
Deposited On:11 Jan 2018 04:05
Last Modified:11 Jan 2018 04:05

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