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In Situ Sucrose Injection for Alteration of Carbohydrate Reserve Dynamics in Grapevine

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Dahal, K. C., Bhattarai, S. P., Midmore, D. J., Oag, D., Sapkota, R. and Walsh, K. B. (2024) In Situ Sucrose Injection for Alteration of Carbohydrate Reserve Dynamics in Grapevine. Agronomy, 14 (3). p. 425. ISSN 2073-4395

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy14030425

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/14/3/425


Inconsistent yield of subtropical table grape across seasons is often associated with low carbohydrate reserves during flowering. In an attempt to increase TNC and thus yield, sucrose was injected into treated trunks during periods of high carbohydrate demand (i.e., between budburst and flowering). Total non-structural carbohydrate (TNC) concentration dynamics were assessed in the grapevine root and trunk tissues of both control and treated vines. In the control (untreated) vines, the TNC concentration in root and trunk tissues was 13.5% and 7.5% w/dw at leaf fall and 7.2% and 3.7% w/dw at flowering, respectively. This decrease in carbohydrate reserve was estimated at ~500 g/vine and is associated with the re-establishment of the plant canopy in early spring. Carbohydrate reserves remained stable or rose slightly between flowering and harvest and recovered between crop harvest and leaf fall. In treated vines, a constantly pressurised low-pressure in situ trunk injection system (69 kPa) with 5% w/v sucrose solution over 45 days from budburst (to flowering), in each of the two seasons, delivered a widely variable amount of sucrose into each vine with variation ascribed to the amount of internal dead wood in the trunk. In the best circumstances, an average of 150 g sucrose/vine/season was injected, and sucrose-injected vines had higher trunk TNC reserve (4.1% compared to 3.6% w/dw in the control) at flowering. A δ13C (‰) analysis confirmed the presence of injected sucrose in the shoot at flowering. However, the correlation between the amount of loaded sucrose and δ13C in young shoot tissue was poor, indicative of variable partitioning patterns. Inflorescence number per vine and berry yield were markedly higher in sucrose-injected vines, but differences were not significant given the high variation between vines. The addition of KCl to the sucrose solution and use of the healthy vines are recommended to increase sucrose loading using the injection method to address inconsistent yielding of subtropical table grape.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:CHO; sugar infusion; seasons; trunk; xylem conductance
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural chemistry. Agricultural chemicals
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Grapes and Grape culture. Viticulture
Live Archive:08 Mar 2024 05:58
Last Modified:08 Mar 2024 05:58

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