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Occurrence of environmental contaminants (pesticides, herbicides, PAHs) in Australian/Queensland Apis mellifera honey

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Hungerford, N. L., Fletcher, M. T., Tsai, H. H., Hnatko, D., Swann, L. J., Kelly, C. L., Anuj, S. R., Tinggi, U., Webber, D. C., Were, S. T. and Tan, B. L. L. (2021) Occurrence of environmental contaminants (pesticides, herbicides, PAHs) in Australian/Queensland Apis mellifera honey. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B . pp. 1-13. ISSN 1939-3210

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/19393210.2021.1914743


Honey is a popular agricultural product containing mostly sugars and water, but due to its nutritious components and natural production by honeybees (Apis mellifera) from floral nectar, it is marketed as a premium health food item. As environmental monitors, honeybees can potentially transfer environmental contaminants to honey. Whilst pesticides can have ubiquitous presence in agricultural and urban areas, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be more prevalent in higher density urban/industrial environments. Australian beehives are customarily located in rural areas/forests, but it is increasingly popular to keep hives in urban areas. This study assessed the levels of environmental contaminants in honeys (n = 212) from Queensland/Australian sources including rural, peri-urban and urban areas. Honey samples were analysed by LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS for 53 herbicides, 83 pesticides, 18 breakdown products (for certain pesticides/herbicides) and 33 PAHs and showed low/negligible pesticide, herbicide and PAHs contamination, consistent regardless of honey origins.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Apis mellifera ;honeybee; Australia; Queensland; environmental contaminants ; PAHs ; herbicides ; fungicides ; insecticides
Subjects:Science > Biology > Biochemistry
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
Animal culture > Insect culture and beneficial insects > Bee culture
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary toxicology
Live Archive:09 Jun 2021 01:59
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:46

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