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Ethephon promotion of crop abscission for unshaken and mechanically shaken macadamia

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Trueman, S.J., McConchie, C.A. and Turnbull, C.G.N. (2002) Ethephon promotion of crop abscission for unshaken and mechanically shaken macadamia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 42 (7). pp. 1001-1008. ISSN 0816-1089


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/EA01164


Promotion of fruit abscission in macadamia, Macadamia integrifolia (Proteaceae), has potential to reduce costs associated with prolonged harvesting of late-abscising cultivars. Effects of ethephon [(2-chloroethyl)phosphonic acid] on fruit removal force and crop abscission were monitored at 3 stages of the harvest season on both unshaken and mechanically shaken trees of the late-abscising macadamia cultivar A16. Ethephon application, tree shaking, or a combination of the 2 methods, accelerated crop removal from the tree at all stages during harvest. Early harvest before natural abscission resulted in little or no difference in nut-in-shell and kernel weight, kernel recovery and kernel oil content. Delaying ethephon application or tree shaking until commencement of natural abscission resulted in greater crop removal. Fruit removal force declined naturally towards 1 kgf at this stage, and was further reduced by ethephon application. The most effective approach for harvest acceleration was to reduce fruit removal force, before tree shaking, by spraying trees with ethephon.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Nuts
Live Archive:15 Jan 2024 00:25
Last Modified:15 Jan 2024 00:25

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