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Genetic diversity among Mycoplasma species bovine group 7: Clonal isolates from an outbreak of polyarthritis, mastitis, and abortion in dairy cattle

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Djordjevic, S.R., Forbes, W.A., Forbes-Faulkner, J.C., Kuhnert, P., Hum, S., Hornitzky, M.A., Vilei, E.M. and Frey, J. (2001) Genetic diversity among Mycoplasma species bovine group 7: Clonal isolates from an outbreak of polyarthritis, mastitis, and abortion in dairy cattle. Electrophoresis, 22 (16). pp. 3551-3561. ISSN 1522-2683

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2683(200109)22:16%3C3...


A comprehensive genetic analysis of 60 Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7 isolates from different geographic origins and epidemiological settings is presented. Twenty-four isolates were recovered from the joints of calves during sporadic episodes of polyarthritis in geographically distinct regions of Queensland and New South Wales, Australia, including two clones of the type strain PG5O. A further three Australian isolates were also recovered from the tympanic bulla, retropharyngeal lymph node and the lung and another three isolates had unconfirmed histories. Six isolates originated from Germany, Portugal, Nigeria, and France. Twenty-four epidemiologically related isolates of Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7 were recovered from multiple tissue sites and body fluids of infected calves with polyarthritis, mastitic milk, and from the stomach contents, lung and liver from aborted foetuses in three large, centrally managed dairy herds in New South Wales, Australia. Restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) of genomic DNA differentiated 29 Cfol profiles among these 60 isolates and grouped all 24 epidemiologically related isolates in a defined pattern showing a clonal origin. Three isolates of this clonal cluster were recovered from mastitic milk and the synovial exudate of clinically-affected calves and appeared sporadically for periods up to 18 months after the initial outbreak of polyarthritis indicating a persistent, close association of the organism with cattle in these herds. The Cfol profile representative of the clonal cluster was distinguishable from profiles of isolates recovered from multiple, unrelated cases of polyarthritis in Queensland and New South Wales and from other countries. All 24 isolates from the clonal cluster possessed a plasmid (pBG7AU) with a molecular size of 1022 bp. DNA sequence analysis of pBG7AU identified two open reading frames sharing 81 and 99% DNA sequence similarity with hypothetical replication control proteins A and B respectively, previously described in plasmid pADB201 isolated from M. mycoides subspecies mycoides. Other isolates of bovine group 7, epidemiologically unrelated to the clonal cluster, including two clones of the type strain PG5O, possessed a similar-sized plasmid. These data confirm that Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7 is capable of migrating to, and multiplying within, different tissue sites within a single animal and among different animals within a herd.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Science > Microbiology > Bacteria
Animal culture > Cattle > Dairying
Live Archive:09 Jan 2024 05:49
Last Modified:09 Jan 2024 05:49

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