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Growing Degree Day Targets for Fruit Development of Australian Mango Cultivars

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Amaral, M. H., McConchie, C., Dickinson, G. R. and Walsh, K. B. (2023) Growing Degree Day Targets for Fruit Development of Australian Mango Cultivars. Horticulturae, 9 (4). p. 489. ISSN 2311-7524


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae9040489

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2311-7524/9/4/489


A forward estimate of mango (Mangifera indica L.) harvest timing is required for farm management (e.g., for organization of harvest labour and marketing). This forward estimate can be based on accumulated growing degree days (GDD) from an early stage of flowering to fruit harvest maturity, with fruit maturity judged on a destructive assessment of flesh colour and dry matter content. The current study was undertaken to improve GDD targets for Australian mango cultivars, to improve estimation of harvest maturity, and to document a methodology recommended for future work characterizing fruit maturation GDD for other mango cultivars. An alternate algorithm on GDD calculation involving use of a function that penalizes high temperatures as well as low temperatures was demonstrated to better predict harvest maturity in warmer climates. Across multiple locations and seasons, the required heat units (GDD, Tb = 12 °C, TB = 32 °C; where TB is upper base temperature of 32 °C and Tb is lower base temperature of 12 °C) to achieve maturity from asparagus stage of flowering was documented as 2185, 1728, and 1740 for the cultivars Keitt, Calypso and Honey Gold, respectively. GDD difference between the asparagus and two-thirds floral opening stages of flowering was 188 ± 18 for Calypso, 184 ± 12 for Honey Gold, 238 ± 21 for Keitt and 175 ± 10 for KP. Colour specifications for a colour card set suitable for maturity assessment of all cultivars was also proposed. A flesh colour harvest maturity card specification of 9 was proposed for the cultivar Honey Gold and 13 for the cultivar Keitt.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:growing degree days; flesh colour; temperature monitoring
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Growth regulators
Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:27 Jun 2023 02:01
Last Modified:27 Jun 2023 02:01

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