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A comparison of various systems for long term storage of 'Hass' avocado fruit

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Marques, J. R., Hofman, P. J., Stubbings, B. A., Campbell, J. A. and Barker, L. R. (2010) A comparison of various systems for long term storage of 'Hass' avocado fruit. Acta Horticulturae, 880 . pp. 317-324. ISSN 05677572 (ISSN); 9789066056039 (ISBN)

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.880.37


Australian avocado production has increased 73% in the last 7 years, which has raised interest in increasing domestic consumption and expanding export markets (currently less than 3% of Australian avocado production is exported). Export opportunities in the European Union have been identified, but the current seafreight duration of 39-42 d is one of the major constraints. Quality of fruit at the start of storage, storage system, and storage duration are key factors in outturn fruit quality. To test the ability of Australian 'Hass' avocados to withstand a long seafreight journey, fruit from six growers in south-east Queensland were ripened (no ethylene) at 18°C without storage or after being held for 42 d in either: air at 5°C; or air at 1°C after low temperature conditioning for three days at 6°C; or air at 5°C after treatment with 1-MCP (0.3 μl L-1) for 18 h at 5°C; or a standard 20 foot controlled atmosphere (CA; 2% O2/5% CO2) container at 5°C. To simulate further coolstorage after arrival in the export market, additional fruit from the CA container were also held in air at 5°C for a further 3-7 d before ripening without or with ethylene. External fruit quality was assessed during storage (except for CA fruit) and on removal, and external and internal quality assessed at an eating ripe stage. CA storage resulted in excellent outturn quality, both at removal and at eating ripe. Following CA storage, fruit could be stored for an additional seven days under air at 5°C with no further loss of ripe quality. 1-MCP treated fruit had also good outturn quality, but ripening was variable. Air storage at 5°C or low temperature conditioning then holding at 1°C resulted in significant quality loss due to mainly flesh diseases, diffuse discolouration, and vascular leaching.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:1-MCP CA Fruit quality Persea americana Mill. Persea americana
Subjects:Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Plant culture > Horticulture. Horticultural crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:01 Dec 2022 03:13
Last Modified:01 Dec 2022 03:13

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