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Evaluating molecular diagnostic techniques for seed detection of Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola, causal agent of halo blight disease in mungbean (Vigna radiata)

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Noble, T. J., Williams, B., Douglas, C. A., Giblot-Ducray, D., Mundree, S. and Young, A. J. (2022) Evaluating molecular diagnostic techniques for seed detection of Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola, causal agent of halo blight disease in mungbean (Vigna radiata). Australasian Plant Pathology, 51 (4). pp. 453-459. ISSN 1448-6032

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-022-00876-7

Abstract

Halo blight of mungbean (Vigna radiata var. radiata) is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. phaseolicola. This pathogen is transmitted via infected seed, facilitating the spread of the disease into new cultivated areas. Prospective mungbean seed crops are currently subjected to visual inspection as a means of determining disease status, however, this is a poor method that relies on visible symptoms and does not account for latent infections. A range of molecular diagnostics targeting P. savastanoi pv. phaseolicola have been developed, but these have not been deployed on seeds. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) SYBR assay, hydrolysis probe, and conventional PCR, using the same primers were optimised against a plate-truthed dilution series of P. savastanoi pv. phaseolicola. The detection limit of the conventional PCR assay was approximately 9,000 CFU µl-1, while both qPCR assays could detect 9 CFU µl-1. These tests were then used to screen DNA extracted from 200 g allotments of 38 seed lots comprising six mungbean cultivars representing the primary Australian production area, and two seed lots of known infection status. Of these, the pathogen was detected in six seed lots by conventional PCR. The SYBR assay and hydrolysis probe methods detected 20 and 24 infected seed lots respectively. This shows that the hydrolysis probe method was the most effective at diagnosing the presence of P. savastanoi pv. phaseolicola in mungbean seed, providing a valuable molecular diagnostic to aid in integrated disease management and seed certification, substantially mitigating losses to halo blight disease.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:qPCR PCR Diagnostic assay Halo blight Mungbean
Subjects:Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Field crops > Other field crops
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:03 Nov 2022 00:40
Last Modified:03 Nov 2022 00:40

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