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Identification and functional characterization of a novel acetyl-CoA carboxylase mutation associated with ketoenol resistance in Bemisia tabaci

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Lueke, B., Douris, V., Hopkinson, J. E., Maiwald, F., Hertlein, G., Papapostolou, K.-M., Bielza, P., Tsagkarakou, A., Van Leeuwen, T., Bass, C., Vontas, J. and Nauen, R. (2020) Identification and functional characterization of a novel acetyl-CoA carboxylase mutation associated with ketoenol resistance in Bemisia tabaci. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 166 . p. 104583. ISSN 0048-3575

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2020.104583

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004835752030078X

Abstract

Insecticides of the tetronic/tetramic acid family (cyclic ketoenols) are widely used to control sucking pests such as whiteflies, aphids and mites. They act as inhibitors of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), a key enzyme for lipid biosynthesis across taxa. While it is well documented that plant ACCs targeted by herbicides have developed resistance associated with mutations at the carboxyltransferase (CT) domain, resistance to ketoenols in invertebrate pests has been previously associated either with metabolic resistance or with non-validated candidate mutations in different ACC domains. A recent study revealed high levels of spiromesifen and spirotetramat resistance in Spanish field populations of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci that was not thought to be associated with metabolic resistance. We confirm the presence of high resistance levels (up to >640-fold) against ketoenol insecticides in both Spanish and Australian B. tabaci strains of the MED and MEAM1 species, respectively. RNAseq analysis revealed the presence of an ACC variant bearing a mutation that results in an amino acid substitution, A2083V, in a highly conserved region of the CT domain. F1 progeny resulting from reciprocal crosses between susceptible and resistant lines are almost fully resistant, suggesting an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. In order to functionally investigate the contribution of this mutation and other candidate mutations previously reported in resistance phenotypes, we used CRISPR/Cas9 to generate genome modified Drosophila lines. Toxicity bioassays using multiple transgenic fly lines confirmed that A2083V causes high levels of resistance to commercial ketoenols. We therefore developed a pyrosequencing-based diagnostic assay to map the spread of the resistance alleles in field-collected samples from Spain. Our screening confirmed the presence of target-site resistance in numerous field-populations collected in Sevilla, Murcia and Almeria. This emphasizes the importance of implementing appropriate resistance management strategies to prevent or slow the spread of resistance through global whitefly populations.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Insecticide resistance Ketoenols Acetyl-CoA carboxylase Target-site mutation CRISPR/Cas9
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural chemistry. Agricultural chemicals
Plant culture > Field crops
Plant pests and diseases
Deposited On:26 Aug 2020 07:19
Last Modified:26 Aug 2020 07:19

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