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Installation of instrumentation for remote monitoring of biogas composition and operational data at commercial piggeries

Skerman, A. and Tait, S. (2018) Installation of instrumentation for remote monitoring of biogas composition and operational data at commercial piggeries. Project Report. Pork CRC.

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Abstract

New instrumentation was installed to closely monitor the operation of an existing hybrid covered anaerobic pond (hybrid CAP) at Piggery A, from April to June 2018. Over this period, the average biogas production from the hybrid CAP was 5,601 m3/d and the resulting biogas and methane yields were 523 m3 biogas and 287 m3 CH4, respectively, per tonne of volatile solids (VS) discharged into the hybrid CAP. The recorded methane yield indicated that the hybrid CAP was achieving a high methane recovery of 88% of the biochemical methane potential (BMP). Approximately two-thirds of the biogas produced by the hybrid CAP was used to run two 250 kWe combined heat and power (CHP) generator units, while the remaining third was burnt in a shrouded flare. The two CHP units generated an average of 6,490 kWh/d over the monitoring period (average output 270 kWe). Thirty-six percent (36%) of the electrical power generated by the CHP units was used in the pig sheds, predominantly running cooling fans, lights and heat lamps, 26% of the power was used to operate the on-site feed mill, and 26% was exported to the electricity grid. The remaining 12% (34 kWe) was used to run the hybrid CAP and onsite biogas production and use infrastructure. Piggery shed power consumption decreased and grid exports increased from April to June, reflecting the lower usage of the evaporative cooling fans as the weather became cooler. Based on the average power generation of 1.73 kWh/m3 biogas and the average biogas methane content of 55%, the average electrical efficiency of the generator engines was 34%, which is typical for reciprocating biogas engines.
The average hydrogen sulphide (H2S) concentration in the biogas extracted from the hybrid CAP (223 ppm H2S) was much lower than levels typically observed in raw piggery biogas and only marginally higher than the recommended maximum of 200 ppm for many generator engines. However, this reduction in H2S concentration, which was achieved by biological oxidation inside the hybrid CAP headspace, was not sufficiently consistent for safe operation of the generator engines. Further biogas treatment in the external biological scrubber reduced the H2S concentrations to very low levels (average 18 ppm) which rarely exceeded 200 ppm. Occasional spikes in the H2S concentration generally coincided with generator stoppages which resulted in stoppages of the biological scrubber, biogas blower and air dosing pump. In general, the combined biological oxidation in the hybrid CAP and external biological scrubber was effective at removing H2S from the biogas.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Final report
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural chemistry. Agricultural chemicals
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural structures. Farm buildings
Animal culture > Swine
Deposited On:23 Sep 2019 05:35
Last Modified:23 Sep 2019 05:35

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