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Possible contribution of impact injury at harvest to anthracnose expression in ripening avocado: A review

Perkins, M. L., Joyce, D. C. and Coates, L. M. (2019) Possible contribution of impact injury at harvest to anthracnose expression in ripening avocado: A review. Scientia Horticulturae, 246 . pp. 785-790. ISSN 0304-4238

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2018.11.012

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423818307921

Abstract

In spite of burgeoning global demand for avocados, meeting consumer expectations for fruit quality is an ongoing challenge. Flesh bruising and body rots (principally anthracnose) are the main postharvest quality defects of avocado fruit. Mechanical damage causes bruising more so in ripening fruit than in hard unripe fruit. As a result, current emphasis is on careful handling of avocado fruit during later supply chain stages. However, emerging evidence suggests mechanical injury to unripe avocado fruit may trigger body rot development. Fruit responses to impact injury and their possible relevance to the pathogenicity of fungi which cause anthracnose in avocado (i.e. various Colletotrichum species) are presented here. Research on impact-induced physiological and biochemical changes that occur in avocado fruit appears to be limited and contradictory. The pathogenicity of Colletotrichum spp. in avocado is influenced by tissue pH, lipoxygenase activity, and concentrations of reactive oxygen species, antifungal compounds, epicatechin and mineral nutrients. Understanding how these parameters change in response to impact is important for predicting disease development and providing appropriate postharvest handling advice to industry.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Body rot Bruising Fruit quality Mechanical damage Postharvest disease
Subjects:Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Culture of individual fruits or types of fruit
Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees
Deposited On:06 Mar 2019 04:00
Last Modified:06 Mar 2019 04:00

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