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A high-throughput system used to determine frequency and distribution of phosphine resistance across large geographical regions

Schlipalius, D. I., Tuck, A. G., Pavic, H., Daglish, G. J., Nayak, M. K. and Ebert, P. R. (2018) A high-throughput system used to determine frequency and distribution of phosphine resistance across large geographical regions. Pest Management Science . ISSN 1526498X (ISSN)

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Article Link(s): http://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5221

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing can enable genetic surveys of large numbers of individuals. We developed a genotyping-by-sequencing assay for detecting strong phosphine resistance alleles in the dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (dld) gene of Rhyzopertha dominica populations. The assay can estimate the distribution and frequency of resistance variants in thousands of individual insects in a single run. RESULTS: We analysed 1435 individual insects collected over a 1-year period from 59 grain-storage sites including farms (n = 29) and central storages (n = 30) across eastern Australia. Resistance alleles were detected in 49% of samples, 38% of farms and 60% of central storages. Although multiple alleles were detected, only two resistance variants (P49S and K142E) were widespread and each appeared to have a distinct but overlapping geographical distribution. CONCLUSION: The type of structure in which the grain is stored had a strong effect on resistance allele frequency. We observed higher frequencies of resistance alleles in bunker storages at central sites compared with other storage types. This contributed to the higher frequencies of resistance alleles in bulk-handling facilities relative to farms. The discovery of a storage structure that predisposes insects to resistance highlights the utility of our high-throughput assay system for improvement of phosphine resistance management practices. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:fumigation insecticide phosphine resistance phosphine resistance
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural chemistry. Agricultural chemicals
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Pesticides
Deposited On:05 Mar 2019 01:48
Last Modified:28 Mar 2019 03:05

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