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A porous media transport model for apple drying

Kumar, C., Joardder, M. U. H., Farrell, T. W., Millar, G. J. and Karim, A. (2018) A porous media transport model for apple drying. Biosystems Engineering, 176 . pp. 12-25. ISSN 15375110 (ISSN)

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Article Link(s): http://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2018.06.021

Abstract

A comprehensive multiphase porous media model was developed and validated for apple drying. Thermal, transport, and structural properties of apple required to develop such model were formulated and presented. The model considered the transport of liquid water by capillary diffusion and gas pressure, and the transport of vapour by binary diffusion and gas pressure. A non-equilibrium formulation was used to calculate the evaporation rate, which enabled the separate illustration of vapour and liquid water transport. The equations were solved by finite element method (FEM) using physics-based modelling and a simulation platform (COMSOL Multiphysics). The model predictions were validated using experimental data and good agreement was found. Spatial distribution of liquid water and vapour saturation curves showed that the saturation levels were lower on and near the surface compared to the centre of the food material. The convective and diffusive fluxes of liquid water and vapour were presented, and this data suggested that the fluxes were higher on and near the surface of the sample. © 2018

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Apple COMSOL Multiphysics Food drying Modelling Porous media Drying Fruits Liquids Models Porous materials Liquid water transports Multiphase porous media Physics-based modelling Simulation platform Transport modeling Thermal processing (foods)
Subjects:Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Plant culture > Food crops
Deposited On:17 Jan 2019 02:26
Last Modified:17 Jan 2019 02:26

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