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Size-selective assessment of airborne particles in swine confinement building with the UVAPS.

Agranovski, V., Ristovski, Z., Blackall, P. J. and Morawska, L. (2004) Size-selective assessment of airborne particles in swine confinement building with the UVAPS. Atmospheric Environment, 38 (23). pp. 3893-3901. ISSN 13522310

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.02.058

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.02.058

Abstract

The ultraviolet aerodynamic particle sizer (UVAPS) is a novel aerosol counter for real-time monitoring of viable bioaerosols. The previous validation studies on the UVAPS were either laboratory based or were conducted outdoor with the artificially generated aerosols. In this study, the spectrometer was applied to investigate particulate pollution inside a swine confinement building (SCB). Real-time capabilities of the instrument were used to investigate the effect of on-farm-activities, such as an effluent flushing with recycled water, on aerosols load inside the SCB. In addition to the UVAPS, monitoring of viable bioaerosols (bacteria and fungi) was simultaneously conducted with the six-stage Andersen microbial impactor and the AGI-30 impingers. The UVAPS measurements showed that the concentrations of both viable (fluorescent) and total (fluorescent and non-fluorescent) particles inside the SCB were in order of 10<sup>6</sup>–10<sup>7</sup> particles m<sup>-3</sup>. These concentrations were approximately seven times the outside concentrations for total particles and up to 12 times for viable particles. Approximately 95% of both total and viable particles were respirable (<7 μm) and approximately 60% of total and 50% of viable particles accounted for the fine particle fraction (<2.5 μm). The concentration of culturable bacteria and fungi ranged from 1.12×10<sup>5</sup> to 5.17×10<sup>5</sup> CFU m<sup>-3</sup> and from 1.12×10<sup>3</sup> to 2.79×10<sup>3</sup> CFU m<sup>-3</sup>, respectively. Approximately 50–80% of airborne particles which carried culturable fungi were within the respirable size range. The concentration of viable particles measured with the UVAPS was at least one order of magnitude higher than the concentration of the culturable microorganisms measured with the AGI-30 impingers. Nevertheless, the trends in the concentration changes of viable bioaerosols measured with the UVAPS followed the ...Copyright 2004 Elsevier

Item Type:Article
Keywords:AIR -- Pollution AEROSOLS BACTERIA FUNGI The UVAPS Swine confinement buildings Viable bioaerosols Particle size Bacteria Fungi
Subjects:Science > Microbiology > Bacteria
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Farm machinery and farm engineering
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural structures. Farm buildings
Deposited On:30 Jan 2018 01:20
Last Modified:30 Jan 2018 01:20

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