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Genetic variation in Pythium myriotylum based on SNP typing and development of a PCR-RFLP detection of isolates recovered from Pythium soft rot ginger

Le, D. P., Smith, M. K. and Aitken, E. A. B. (2017) Genetic variation in Pythium myriotylum based on SNP typing and development of a PCR-RFLP detection of isolates recovered from Pythium soft rot ginger. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 65 (4). pp. 319-326. ISSN 1472-765X

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.12779

Abstract

Pythium myriotylum is responsible for severe losses in both capsicum and ginger crops in Australia under different regimes. Intraspecific genomic variation within the pathogen might explain the differences in aggressiveness and pathogenicity on diverse hosts. In this study, whole genome data of four P. myriotylum isolates recovered from three hosts and one P. zingiberis isolate were derived and analysed for sequence diversity based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). A higher number of true and unique SNPs occurred in P. myriotylum isolates obtained from ginger with symptoms of Pythium soft rot (PSR) in Australia compared to other P. myriotylum isolates. Overall, SNPs were discovered more in the mitochondrial genome than those in the nuclear genome. Among the SNPs, a single substitution from the cytosine (C) to the thymine (T) in the partially sequenced CoxII gene of 14 representatives of PSR P. myriotylum isolates was within a restriction site of HinP1I enzyme which was used in the PCR-RFLP for detection and identification of the isolates without sequencing. The PCR-RFLP was also sensitive enough to detect PSR P. myriotylum strains from artificially infected ginger without the requirement of isolation for pure cultures. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Zingiber officinale genome sequencing genetic variation restriction enzymes DNA extracts
Subjects:Science > Biology > Genetics
Science > Microbiology > Microbial ecology
Plant culture > Food crops
Deposited On:12 Jan 2018 05:09
Last Modified:12 Jan 2018 05:09

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