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Interaction between production characteristics and postharvest performance and practices for fresh fruit

Hofman, P. J. and Marques, J. R. and Macnish, A. J. and Joyce, D. C. (2013) Interaction between production characteristics and postharvest performance and practices for fresh fruit. Acta Horticulturae (1012). pp. 55-69. ISSN 0567-7572978-90-66057-26-5

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Article Link(s): http://www.actahort.org/books/1012/1012_1.htm

Abstract

Significant interactions have been demonstrated between production factors and postharvest quality of fresh fruit. Accordingly, there is an attendant need for adaptive postharvest actions to modulate preharvest effects. The most significant preharvest effects appear to be mediated through mineral nutrition influences on the physical characteristics of fruit. Examples of specific influencers include fertilisers, water availability, rootstock, and crop load effects on fruit quality attributes such as skin colour, susceptibility to diseases and physiological disorders, and fruit nutritional composition. Also, rainfall before and during harvest can markedly affect fruit susceptibility to skin blemishes, physical damage, and diseases. Knowledge of preharvest-postharvest interactions can help determine the basis for variability in postharvest performance and thereby allow refinement of postharvest practices to minimise quality loss after harvest. This knowledge can be utilised in predictive management systems. Such systems can benefit from characterisation of fruit nutritional status, particularly minerals, several months before and/or at harvest to allow informed decisions on postharvest handling and marketing options. Other examples of proactive management practices include adjusting harvesting and packing systems to account for rainfall effects before and/or during harvest. Improved understanding of preharvest-postharvest interactions is contributing to the delivery of consistently higher quality of fruit to consumers. This paper focuses on the state of knowledge for sub-tropical and tropical fruits, in particular avocado and mango.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:Journal article; Conference paper VII International Postharvest Symposium, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Keywords:FF003Horticultural Crops (NEW March 2000) QQ050Crop Produce QQ500Food Composition and Quality avocados colour crop quality fertilizers fruits mangoes rootstocks Mangifera indica Persea americana Mangifera Anacardiaceae Sapindales dicotyledons angiosperms Spermatophyta plants eukaryotes Persea Lauraceae Laurales
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant culture > Harvesting, curing, storage
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Fertilisers
Deposited On:01 Jul 2014 03:19
Last Modified:02 Jul 2014 15:08

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