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Development of tick gut forms of Babesia bigemina in vitro

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Golgh, J. M., Jorgensen, W. K. and Kemp, D. H. (1998) Development of tick gut forms of Babesia bigemina in vitro. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 45 (3). pp. 298-306. ISSN 1550-7408

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.1998.tb04540.x


Development of a laboratory cultured tick-transmissible strain of Babesia bigemina was followed in vitro after addition of gut material from engorged female Boophilus microplus ticks and incubation at 37° C. Sequential development of stages, from intraerythrocytic strahlenkörper through multiplication to the fusion of what is assumed to be two gametes, is described. A change in physical environment (temperature, gas composition) experienced during passage of Babesia stages into the in vitro culture tubes possibly mimics the changes experienced in passage from host blood to the midgut of the tick vector. The effect in vitro was to induce the erythrocytic parasites to remain inactive at a trophozoite-like stage. Addition of factor(s) within midgut initiated further development of strahlenkörper. Two populations of strahlenkorper were recognized; an elongated form which did not appear to develop further, and a polymorphic population which underwent further multiplication initiated while the parasites were still within the erythrocyte, and continuing after they had emerged. These strahlenkorper increased in size as multiple division of nuclei occurred, with cell division being completed more slowly. Large aggregations of multinucleated strahlenkorper formed, but once division was complete, single-nucleated strahlenkorper emerged from the aggregates. Two individuals of post-aggregation strahlenkorper, assumed to be gametes, fused together. The morphology and ultrastructure of all stages of development are described and compared with forms already described from the tick midgut.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Science > Microbiology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Live Archive:15 Mar 2024 05:36
Last Modified:15 Mar 2024 05:36

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