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Identification and evolution of ICE-PmuST394: a novel integrative conjugative element in Pasteurella multocida ST394

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Roy Chowdhury, P., Alhamami, T., Venter, H., Veltman, T., Carr, M., Mollinger, J. L., Trott, D. J. and Djordjevic, S. P. (2024) Identification and evolution of ICE-PmuST394: a novel integrative conjugative element in Pasteurella multocida ST394. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy . ISSN 0305-7453


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkae040


The emergence of macrolide and tetracycline resistance within Pasteurella multocida isolated from feedlot cattle and the dominance of ST394 in Australia was reported recently.To establish the genetic context of the resistance genes in P. multocida 17BRD-035, the ST394 reference genome, and conduct a molecular risk assessment of their ability to disperse laterally.A bioinformatic analysis of the P. multocida 17BRD-035 genome was conducted to determine if integrative conjugative elements (ICEs) carrying resistance genes, which hamper antibiotic treatment options locally, are in circulation in Australian feedlots.A novel element, ICE-PmuST394, was characterized in P. multocida 17BRD-035. It was also identified in three other isolates (two ST394s and a ST125) in Australia and is likely present in a genome representing P. multocida ST79 from the USA. ICE-PmuST394 houses a resistance module carrying two variants of the blaROB gene, blaROB-1 and blaROB-13, and the macrolide esterase gene, estT. The resistance gene combination on ICE-PmuST394 confers resistance to ampicillin and tilmicosin, but not to tulathromycin and tildipirosin. Our analysis suggests that ICE-PmuST394 is circulating both by clonal expansion and horizontal transfer but is currently restricted to a single feedlot in Australia.ICE-PmuST394 carries a limited number of unusual antimicrobial resistance genes but has hotspots that facilitate genomic recombination. The element is therefore amenable to hosting more resistance genes, and therefore its presence (or dispersal) should be regularly monitored. The element has a unique molecular marker, which could be exploited for genomic surveillance purposes locally and globally.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Subjects:Science > Microbiology
Science > Microbiology > Microorganisms in the animal body
Animal culture > Cattle
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Live Archive:08 Mar 2024 06:20
Last Modified:08 Mar 2024 06:20

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