Willett, D. (2005) Duckweed-based Wastewater Treatment Systems: Design Aspects and Integrated Reuse Options for Queensland Conditions. Project Report. QI05019. The State of Queensland, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Brisbane.
Point sources of wastewater pollution, including effluent from municipal sewage treatment plants and intensive livestock and processing industries, can contribute significantly to the degradation of receiving waters (Chambers et al. 1997; Productivity Commission 2004). This has led to increasingly stringent local wastewater discharge quotas (particularly regarding Nitrogen, Phosphorous and suspended solids), and many municipal authorities and industry managers are now faced with upgrading their existing treatment facilities in order to comply. However, with high construction, energy and maintenance expenses and increasing labour costs, traditional wastewater treatment systems are becoming an escalating financial burden for the communities and industries that operate them.
This report was generated, in the first instance, for the Burdekin Shire Council to provide information on design aspects and parameters critical for developing duckweed-based wastewater treatment (DWT) in the Burdekin region. However, the information will be relevant to a range of wastewater sources throughout Queensland. This information has been collated from published literature and both overseas and local studies of pilot and full-scale DWT systems. This report also considers options to generate revenue from duckweed production (a significant feature of DWT), and provides specifications and component cost information (current at the time of publication) for a large-scale demonstration of an integrated DWT and fish production system.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Project Report)|
|Corporate Creators:||DPI&F, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), Argi-Science, Fisheries and Aquaculture|
|Projects:||Queensland Aquaculture Development Initiative.|
|Business groups:||Agri-Science, Fisheries and Aquaculture|
|Additional Information:||© The State of Queensland (Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation). © The State of Queensland, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries 2005. Copyright protects this publication. The State of Queensland has no objection to this material being reproduced but asserts its right to be recognised as author of its original material and the right to have its material remain unaltered. Enquiries should be directed to Commercialisation Unit http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/77.htm or email SAFTRSCopyright@deedi.qld.gov.au or telephone the Business Information Centre on 13 25 23 (Queensland residents) or +61 7 3404 6999.|
|Keywords:||Duckweed; aquatic plants; wastewater treatment; harvesting; waste nutrients; pollution; lagoon systems; recirculating systems; crop management; fish production.|
|Subjects:||Science > Science (General)|
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Fishery research
Plant culture > Field crops > Other economic plants
|Deposited On:||28 Jun 2011 02:11|
|Last Modified:||08 Jun 2015 15:57|
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