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Outbreak of foetal infection with bovine pestivirus in a central Queensland beef herd

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Taylor, L.F. and Rodwell, B.J. (2001) Outbreak of foetal infection with bovine pestivirus in a central Queensland beef herd. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79 (10). pp. 682-685. ISSN 0005-0423

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2001.tb10670.x


Objective: To describe a significant outbreak of foetal infection and subsequent losses due to bovine pestivirus on a 5200 ha beef breeding and fattening property in central Queensland.

Description of the herd: The affected herd consisted of 656 cows, including 269 recently purchased cows, and 221 heifers that were joined in December/January 1995/96. There were approximately 2500 cattle on the property.

Investigation: Following the purchase of 269 cows in October 1995, which were mingled with the existing cow herd, losses were experienced due to foetal infection with bovine pestivirus. These losses were recorded between 1996 and 1999 as: reduced pregnancy rates, losses between pregnancy testing (midpregnancy) and branding (calves averaged 3 months-of-age), losses due to pneumonia and ill-thrift between branding and approximately 12 months-of-age, and losses due to ill-thrift and the chronic wasting form of mucosal disease thereafter. All surviving calves were tested for bovine pestivirus in 1997 at an average of 10 months. Fifty-three calves were identified as persistently infected with bovine pestivirus. A further 110 calf losses could reasonably be attributed to bovine pestivirus infection.

Persistently infected cattle were always unthrifty compared to their virus negative counterparts. Only one persistently infected calf was identified, on the basis of severe ill thrift, in the 1997 birth cohort and none in 1998.

Conclusions: This outbreak of foetal infection with bovine pestivirus resulted in significant production losses. These losses were recorded over the three years subsequent to the outbreak. Significant numbers of persistently infected calves were not evident among calves born in the two years after this outbreak.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary epidemiology. Epizootiology
Live Archive:09 Jan 2024 04:22
Last Modified:09 Jan 2024 04:22

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