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Flour proteins linked to quality traits in an Australian doubled haploid wheat population

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Cornish, G.B., Békés, F., Allen, H.M. and Martin, D. J. (2001) Flour proteins linked to quality traits in an Australian doubled haploid wheat population. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 52 (12). pp. 1339-1348. ISSN 1836-0947


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/AR01060


The Cranbrook/Halberd doubled haploid population has provided a unique opportunity to examine in detail the contributions made by a number of different high molecular weight (HMW) and low molecular weight (LMW) glutenin alleles to the dough properties in a set of homogeneous lines of wheat. A range of different instruments was employed, including Farinograph, Extensograph, Do-Corder, Resistograph, and GRL/EasyMix, to study the dough rheology of the lines from 3 sites over 2 years. Correlation studies showed that 2 basic parameters (dough strength and extensibility) were measured by these different instruments. The results presented are mainly from the Extensograph, which is a major Australian standard for determining release and marketing classification of Australian wheats.
Approaches to investigate the data include bulk segregant analysis, distribution of protein alleles in the population, and multiple linear regression. As expected, the HMW glutenin alleles made a major contribution to dough strength, with a minor, but not insignificant, contribution from the LMW glutenin alleles. From a knowledge of their glutenin alleles, a glutenin strength score (GSS) was devised to allow breeders to rank the dough strength of various lines. The GSS scoring system is based on both HMW and LMW glutenin alleles, adding to a total out of 10. Extensibility, on the other hand, was predominantly influenced by protein levels in the flour and environmental conditions such as site and season. However, the LMW glutenin alleles make a significant genetic contribution to the extensibility, which can be assessed by using a glutenin extensibility score. These two glutenin quality scores currently include only the alleles present in the parents, Cranbrook and Halberd, but this could be expanded to include a wider range of alleles by analysis of the quality data from other doubled haploid populations. These quality scores would then be an extremely useful tool for assessing the potential quality of parental and early generation germplasm in wheat breeding programs, by a knowledge of the allelic composition of their HMW and LMW glutenins.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Wheat
Live Archive:09 Jan 2024 02:01
Last Modified:10 Jan 2024 01:32

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