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Plant breeding influences the performance of temperate pasture species in the subtropics

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Lowe, K.F., Bowdler, T.M. and Lowe, S.A. (2000) Plant breeding influences the performance of temperate pasture species in the subtropics. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 13 . pp. 552-555. ISSN 1976-5517



Data from a series of experiments over a 15-year period in the subtropics were interrogated to determine whether plant breeding had influenced the performance of ryegrass and lucerne in the subtropics of Australia. It was found that, within sets of plant breeders' lines available for sowing in any one experiment, yield of the best experimental lines of perennial and annual ryegrasses and lucerne were almost always above that of standard cultivars. The range in rust resistance was not as great in annual ryegrass, with breeders' lines rarely being superior to the standard cultivars. However in perennial ryegrass and lucerne, the range of disease: resistance was greater and did show improvement relative to the standard cultivars. There was also a trend towards improved performance of breeders' lines over time. Those available between 1996 and 1999 showed an overall increase in yield over the general experimental mean, and the performance of the best and worst experimental lines in ryegrass and lucerne at the commencement of the study period (1978 for lucerne and 1992 for ryegrasses). Persistence of lucerne showed the reverse trend with an overall fall in the general experimental mean. Resistance to Phythophthora root rot (PRR) and leaf diseases improved over time but that for Colletotrichum crown rot (CCR) declined. The reasons for these trends are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Forage crops. Feed crops
Live Archive:05 Jan 2024 03:12
Last Modified:05 Jan 2024 03:12

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