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Prospects for increasing yield in macadamia using component traits and genomics

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O'Connor, K. M., Hayes, B. and Topp, B. (2018) Prospects for increasing yield in macadamia using component traits and genomics. Tree Genetics & Genomes, 14 (1). p. 7. ISSN 1614-2950

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11295-017-1221-1


Selection of candidate cultivars in macadamia requires extensive phenotypic measurements over many years and trials. In particular, yield traits such as nut-in-shell yield and kernel yield are economically vital characteristics and therefore guide the selection process for new cultivars. However, these traits can only be measured in mature trees, resulting in long generation intervals and slow rates of genetic gain. In addition, these traits are expensive to measure. Strategies to reduce the generation interval and increase the intensity of selection include using yield component traits, identification of markers associated with component traits, and genomic selection for yield. Yield component traits that contribute to resource availability for fruit formation include floral and nut characteristics. In this review, these traits will be investigated to estimate their relative importance in macadamia breeding and their heritability and correlations with yield. Furthermore, the usefulness of genome-wide association studies regarding yield component traits will be reviewed. Genetic-based breeding techniques could exploit this information to increase yield gains per breeding cycle and estimate the quantitative nature of yield traits. Genomic selection uses genome-wide molecular markers to predict the phenotype of individuals at an early age before maturity, thereby reducing the cycle time and increasing gain per unit time in plant breeding programmes. This review evaluates the potential for measurement of yield component traits, genome-wide association studies, and genomic selection to be employed in the Australian macadamia breeding programme to accelerate gains for nut yield.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Tree crops
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Nuts
Live Archive:03 Jan 2024 23:58
Last Modified:19 Jan 2024 00:21

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