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Molecular Cues for Phenological Events in the Flowering Cycle in Avocado

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Ahsan, M. U., Barbier, F., Hayward, A., Powell, R., Hofman, H., Parfitt, S. C., Wilkie, J., Beveridge, C. A. and Mitter, N. (2023) Molecular Cues for Phenological Events in the Flowering Cycle in Avocado. Plants, 12 (12). p. 2304. ISSN 2223-7747

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12122304

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/12/12/2304


Reproductively mature horticultural trees undergo an annual flowering cycle that repeats each year of their reproductive life. This annual flowering cycle is critical for horticultural tree productivity. However, the molecular events underlying the regulation of flowering in tropical tree crops such as avocado are not fully understood or documented. In this study, we investigated the potential molecular cues regulating the yearly flowering cycle in avocado for two consecutive crop cycles. Homologues of flowering-related genes were identified and assessed for their expression profiles in various tissues throughout the year. Avocado homologues of known floral genes FT, AP1, LFY, FUL, SPL9, CO and SEP2/AGL4 were upregulated at the typical time of floral induction for avocado trees growing in Queensland, Australia. We suggest these are potential candidate markers for floral initiation in these crops. In addition, DAM and DRM1, which are associated with endodormancy, were downregulated at the time of floral bud break. In this study, a positive correlation between CO activation and FT in avocado leaves to regulate flowering was not seen. Furthermore, the SOC1-SPL4 model described in annual plants appears to be conserved in avocado. Lastly, no correlation of juvenility-related miRNAs miR156, miR172 with any phenological event was observed.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:avocado; flowering genes; FT; AP1; CO; phenology
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:28 Aug 2023 06:14
Last Modified:28 Aug 2023 06:14

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