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Study of the hygroscopic properties of three Australian wood species used as solid wood and composite products

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Shirmohammadi, M. (2023) Study of the hygroscopic properties of three Australian wood species used as solid wood and composite products. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 81 (6). pp. 1495-1512. ISSN 1436-736X


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-023-01966-z


The use of engineered wood products and mass timber panels such as cross laminated timber (CLT), glued laminated timber (glulam) and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is becoming more common, as these products have benefits in terms of environmental credentials and resource utilisation and have the potential to provide faster and more economical construction processes. However, timber exposed to moisture for prolonged periods can degrade biologically, leading to a loss of appearance and decreased mechanical properties. Southern pine, radiata pine and shining gum timber are important forest resources for the Australian timber industry. To date, no in-depth studies on the hygroscopic properties of these species have been carried out from a timber wetting point of view. Consequently, existing literature has a knowledge gap regarding the determination of moisture movement properties in these species that are applicable to numerical modelling when used as solid wood or in the production of engineered wood products (EWPs). The work presented herein will help develop a better understanding of moisture ingress and egress in solid timber and EWPs and provide data for future predictive tools (such as numerical modelling) for moisture management in timber buildings. Samples were prepared from solid timber as well as EWP’s to examine the relationships between glue lines and edge gaps in CLT and multiple glue lines in LVL on moisture movement. As expected, longitudinal permeability was higher than radial and tangential permeability for the species tested. Southern pine samples had higher gas and liquid permeability values than radiata pine and shining gum. CLT with end grain sections including an edge gap had higher gas and liquid permeability than similar sections with glue lines only. LVL sections with 1 glue line had slightly lower permeability values than in samples with 2 glue lines. Gas and liquid permeabilities were lower for LVL samples than a two-layered veneer section without a glue line illustrating the barrier posed by the glue line. The moisture loss parameter during the diffusion testing was higher for LVL ends and CLT ends with edge gaps than face and edge sample sections. The results will be used to develop numerical models for moisture behaviour in solid and composite timber panels when exposed to humidity and free water. It is recommended to conduct additional studies to examine the impact of the adhesive layer and its properties on impeding moisture migration or functioning as a moisture barrier.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Forestry > Research. Experimentation
Forestry > Forestry machinery and engineering
Forestry > Exploitation and utilization
Live Archive:15 Aug 2023 00:24
Last Modified:29 Feb 2024 04:28

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