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Evaluation of In-Field Inoculation Methods for Characterization of Macadamia Germplasm to Husk Spot Incidence and Severity

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Nunn, J., Alam, M., Hardner, C. M., Akinsanmi, O. A., O’Connor, K. M., De Faveri, J. and Topp, B. L. (2023) Evaluation of In-Field Inoculation Methods for Characterization of Macadamia Germplasm to Husk Spot Incidence and Severity. Plant Disease, 107 (1). pp. 76-82.

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-22-0507-RE

Publisher URL: https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/abs/10.1094/PDIS-03-22-0507-RE


Husk spot, a fungal disease of macadamia pericarps (Pseudocercospora macadamiae), induces premature abscission in several major commercial cultivars. Breeding for resistance to husk spot is a priority of the Australian macadamia industry. Due to the large tree size of macadamia and high numbers of progeny in breeding populations, inoculating for resistance screening is laborious and time consuming. Previously utilized methods included direct applications of P. macadamiae suspensions and the hanging of bags of diseased husks above developing fruit in tree canopies. In this study, both methods were modified to allow for efficient application in large-scale breeding populations, and their efficacy was evaluated. Two quantities of diseased husk per bag, ‘large’ (75 g) and ‘small’ (30 g), and two concentrations of sprayed P. macadamiae suspensions, ‘stock’ (5 × 105 propagules/ml) and ‘dilute’ (2.5 × 105 propagules/ml), were tested across two fruiting seasons. Treatments were compared against a control (sterile water) in commercial cultivars A38 and A4. Husk spot incidence and severity produced by small bags were significantly affected by season. A significant season effect was less common for other treatments. All four treatments infected over 50% of target fruit in each season, but the highest husk spot incidence across both seasons (≥85%) was produced from large bags. Overall, the large bags were the most reliable method for infection of target fruit. Results also demonstrate the importance of considering the effect of season when selecting husk spot inoculation methods.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:fruit-tree inoculation,husk spot,macadamia,Pseudocercospora macadamiae
Subjects:Plant culture > Tree crops
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Nuts
Plant pests and diseases
Live Archive:17 Feb 2023 05:47
Last Modified:17 Feb 2023 05:47

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