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Use of vaginal electrical resistance to diagnose oestrus, dioestrus and early pregnancy in synchronized tropically adapted beef heifers

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Hockey, C.D., Norman, S.T., Morton, J.M., Boothby, D., Phillips, N.J. and McGowan, M. R. (2010) Use of vaginal electrical resistance to diagnose oestrus, dioestrus and early pregnancy in synchronized tropically adapted beef heifers. Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 45 (4). pp. 629-636. ISSN 09366768 (ISSN)

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01320.x


Contents: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a single measurement of intravaginal electrical resistance (VER), using the commercially available Ovatec® probe, can discriminate between dioestrus and oestrus in Bos indicus females, which had been treated to synchronize oestrus. Santa Gertrudis heifers (n = 226) received one of three oestrous synchronization treatments: double PGF2α 10 days apart, 8-day controlled internal drug release (CIDR) treatment or CIDR pre-synchronization + PGF2α 10 days after CIDR removal. The heifers were inseminated within 12 h following observed oestrus, or, if not observed, at a fixed time approximately 80 h, following the last synchronization treatment. They were palpated per rectum for signs of pregnancy 9 weeks after artificial insemination (AI). Vaginal electrical resistance measurements were taken at the completion of synchronization treatments (presumed dioestrus), immediately prior to AI (oestrus), and then at 3 and 9 weeks post-AI. Mean VER differed between presumed dioestrus and oestrus (113.7 vs 87.4, p < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was 0.925, indicating that VER was highly discriminatory between dioestrus and oestrus. Vaginal electrical resistance at time of AI was negatively associated with odds of conception when all inseminations were included in the analyses [odds ratio (OR) = 0.97; 95% CI 0.95-1.00; p = 0.018], but not when fixed time AIs were excluded (OR = 1.00; 95% CI 0.97-1.03; p = 0.982). Mean VER readings differed between pregnant and non-pregnant animals at both 3 weeks (120.5 vs 96.7, p < 0.001) and 9 weeks (124.0 vs 100.3, p < 0.001) post-AI. However, 3- and 9-week VER measurements were not highly discriminatory between pregnancy and non-pregnancy (area under ROC curve = 0.791 and 0.736, respectively). Mean VER at time of AI for animals diagnosed in oestrus differed between each of the oestrous synchronization treatments (84.7, 73.6 and 78.9, groups 1-3 respectively, p < 0.001). These findings suggest that measurement of VER may improve accuracy of oestrus diagnoses when selecting cattle for AI following oestrous synchronization programmes involving tropically adapted cattle. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Verlag.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:fertility promoting agent animal animal disease article artificial insemination breeding cattle clinical trial controlled clinical trial controlled study diestrus electrophysiology estrus female impedance ovulation ovulation induction physiology pregnancy pregnancy test sensitivity and specificity vagina Animals Electric Impedance Electrophysiological Phenomena Fertility Agents, Female Insemination, Artificial Pregnancy Tests Pregnancy, Animal Animalia Bos Bos indicus
Subjects:Science > Biology > Reproduction
Animal culture > Cattle
Live Archive:16 Feb 2023 06:19
Last Modified:16 Feb 2023 06:19

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