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Parkinsonia biological control: Establishment, spread and impact of UU1 and UU2 across northern Australia

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Rafter, M. A., Pukallus, K., Wenting, S., Walter, G. H. and White, A. (2022) Parkinsonia biological control: Establishment, spread and impact of UU1 and UU2 across northern Australia. In: 22nd Australasian Weeds Conference, 25 – 29 September 2022, Adelaide, South Australia.



Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata) is a major weed of rangeland in northern Australia costing between $2-$300/ha/y to control depending on the density of infestations. Reducing control costs and improving pasture productivity can therefore assist in improving the profitability of rangeland production systems. Having a landscapescale self-perpetuating form of control like biological control in these systems may aid in the integrated management of parkinsonia. This was the basis for the research pipeline of projects funded by Meat & Livestock Australia (B.NBP.0366; B.NBP.0620; B.WEE.0134) to identify candidate biological control agents and test their safety, mass rearing and release of agents that feed on parkinsonia but not on other plants. Currently the program has released over > 1 million Eueupithecia cisplatensis (UU1) and 337,638 Eueupithecia vollonoides (UU2) both of which are leaf defoliating moths. Field assessments have been conducted to determine the establishment, spread and impact of UU1 and UU2 on parkinsiona across northern Australia since 2020. An online survey of land managers has also been conducted to better define the management expectations of biological program on parkinsonia. Management objectives and results of the laboratory and field assessments of UU1 and UU2 effectiveness in the field and future directions for parkinsonia biological control will be discussed.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Keywords:Parkinsonia aculeata, biocontrol, stakeholder engagement, field release, establishment, spread
Subjects:Science > Entomology
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Weed ecology
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection > Organic plant protection. Biological control
Agriculture > By region or country > Australia
Live Archive:18 Jan 2023 06:23
Last Modified:06 Feb 2024 05:37

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