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Responses of Susceptible and Cyfluthrin-Resistant Broiler House Populations of Lesser Mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to gamma-Cyhalothrin

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Lambkin, T.A., Rice, S.J. and Furlong, M. (2010) Responses of Susceptible and Cyfluthrin-Resistant Broiler House Populations of Lesser Mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to gamma-Cyhalothrin. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103 (6). pp. 2155-2163. ISSN 0022-0493

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/ec09403

Abstract

gamma-Cyhalothrin was proposed as an agent for management of lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), in Australian broiler houses. From 2007 to 2009, baseline susceptibility of 20 Australian broiler farm beetle populations plus an insecticide-susceptible laboratory population was determined for gamma-cyhalothrin by using topical application. In addition, repeat testing and regression analyses of specific beetle populations to gamma-cyhalothrin showed that topical application was a very reliable and repeatable testing method. The 21 populations were tested with a cyfluthrin discriminating concentration (based on LC99.9, 0.0007% [AI]) to identify possible cross-resistance. Across all populations, there was a significant linear relationship between the gamma-cyhalothrin LC50 value and mortality induced by the cyfluthrin LC99.9. Full cyfluthrin baseline studies of seven populations indicated that gamma-cyhalothrin was twice as toxic as cyfluthrin, even against susceptible beetles and resistance ratios at the cyfluthrin LC50 and LC99.9 varied considerably, with maxima of 56.6 and 83.6 respectively. Corresponding ratios for gamma-cyhalothrin for the same populations were 8.6 (LC50) and 7.9 (LC99.9). There were no significant correlations between beetle weights and gamma-cyhalothrin LC50 or LC99.9 values. A discriminating concentration of 0.005% (Al) gamma-cyhalothrin was chosen to detect any future changes in susceptibility. Results of this study suggest that cyfluthrin can confer cross-resistance to gamma-cyhalothrin in A. diaperinus, but the magnitude of this resistance is unpredictable. Thus, widespread and frequent cyfluthrin use in broiler houses in eastern Australia, which has selected for cyfluthrin resistance, also has resulted in reduced susceptibility to gamma-cyhalothrin. Due to its higher relative toxicity, gamma-cyhalothrin is still potentially useful for management of lesser mealworm, but due to cross-resistance issues, adoption of gamma-cyhalothrin for broiler house use will require a cautious and judicious approach.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Alphitobius diaperinus Australia pyrethroid cross-resistance darkling beetle topical application alphitobius-diaperinus coleoptera base-line responses reservoir competence eastern beetle eubacteriales queensland salmonella panzer Entomology
Subjects:Animal culture > Poultry
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Deposited On:17 Jan 2023 01:19
Last Modified:17 Jan 2023 01:19

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