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Screening for grain dormancy in segregating generations of dormant x non-dormant crosses in white-grained wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

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Hickey, L. T., Dieters, M. J., DeLacy, I. H., Christopher, M. J., Kravchuk, O. Y. and Banks, P. M. (2010) Screening for grain dormancy in segregating generations of dormant x non-dormant crosses in white-grained wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Euphytica, 172 (2). pp. 183-195. ISSN 0014-2336

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-009-0028-z

Abstract

Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a significant problem. Introgression of genes controlling grain dormancy into white-grained bread wheat is one means of improving resistance to PHS. In this study seven dormant (containing the SW95-50213 and AUS1408 sources) x non-dormant crosses were produced to investigate the effectiveness of selection for grain dormancy in early segregating generations. Each generation (F(1)-F(4)) was grown in a temperature controlled glasshouse with an extended photoperiod (i.e. continuous light). F(2) and F(3) generations were subject to selection. Five hundred harvest-ripe grains were tested for germination over a 14 day period, and the 100 most dormant grains were retained and grown-on to produce the next generation within each cross. The response to selection was assessed through analysis of the time to 50% germination (G(50)) in the F(2), F(3) and F(4) generations. In addition, changes in marker class frequencies for two SSR markers (barc170 and gpw2279) flanking a known quantitative trait locus (QTL) for grain dormancy on chromosome 4A were assessed in DNA from F(2) plants selected from early germinating (non-dormant) and late germinating (dormant) phenotypic extremes within each cross. Selection for grain dormancy in the F(2) and F(3) generations effectively recovered the dormant phenotype in all seven crosses, i.e. the F(4) generation was not significantly different from the dormant parent. Further, selection based on individual F(2) grains changed marker class frequencies for the 4A dormancy QTL; in most cases eliminating the marker class homozygous for the non-dormant alleles. Application of this screening method will enable breeders to better select for grain dormancy and may lead to development of new cultivars offering effective resistance to PHS in the near future.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:Pre-harvest sprouting Phenotypic selection Single grain germination Quantitative trait locus Marker assisted selection Transgressive segregation preharvest sprouting tolerance seed dormancy qtl resistance markers genes DNA Agriculture Plant Sciences
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture
Plant culture > Field crops > Wheat
Deposited On:17 Jan 2023 01:12
Last Modified:17 Jan 2023 01:12

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