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Mango germplasm screening for the identification of sources of tolerance to anthracnose

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Grice, K. R. E., Bally, I. S.E., Wright, C. L., Maddox, C., Ali, A. and Dillon, N. L. (2022) Mango germplasm screening for the identification of sources of tolerance to anthracnose. Australasian Plant Pathology, 52 (1). pp. 27-41. ISSN 1448-6032

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Article Link(s): https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-022-00899-0

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13313-022-00899-0

Abstract

Colletotrichum species are one of the most common causes of postharvest fruit rot in mango in Australia, particularly in the tropical region of north Queensland, and can result in significant losses if not managed. The research aims were to identify sources of anthracnose tolerance and to determine if host material other than fruit could improve or fast track the screening process and result in improved breeding efficiency. Access to the Australian National Mango Genebank (ANMG) collection enabled fruit screening of more than 100 Mangifera indica cultivars or Mangifera species for tolerance to anthracnose by artificial inoculation with Colletotrichum asianum over a period of 14 years. Mean lesion diameters were compared with those on a known susceptible M. indica cultivar Kensington Pride (KP) and a tolerant M. laurina cultivar Lombok. Inoculation of leaf discs and entire leaves was evaluated in the laboratory and the field as alternative assays for tolerance to anthracnose and was assessed by presence/absence of disease. Screening of fruit has shown that anthracnose tolerance within the mango germplasm is highly variable and needs to be assessed over multiple years. None of the alternative laboratory bioassays provided consistent or reliable data. The in-field artificial inoculation of immature leaf flush was successful but was not deemed suitable for adoption due to practical restraints. While resistance to anthracnose in fruit has not yet been identified, some cultivars and Mangifera spp. showed promise for inclusion as parents in future breeding programs.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:Colletotrichum spp. Mangifera sp. Postharvest decay Bioassay Pathogenicity Artificial inoculation
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:10 Jan 2023 05:52
Last Modified:08 Feb 2023 04:37

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