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Grazing Capacity of Native Pastures in the Mulga Lands of South-Western Queensland: A Modelling Approach.

Johnston, P. W. (1996) Grazing Capacity of Native Pastures in the Mulga Lands of South-Western Queensland: A Modelling Approach. PhD thesis, University of Queensland., 208 pages.

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Abstract

Grazing capacities for individual sheep properties were estimated and related to sustainable levels of pasture utilisation through the measurement of key plant processes and the extrapolation o f these over time and space.
Measurements o f forage production from dominant land systems in south-west Queensland Australia were used to calibrate the GRASP forage production model. This model uses daily climatic records and links a soil water balance to forage growth via a water use efficiency (transpiration) characteristic for each forage. From short term, point observations of forage growth, historical climatic records were used to examine the temporal and spatial variation in water use efficiency (kg/ha/mm rainfall). "Average" water use efficiencies and historical rainfall records were then used to estimate average annual forage growth and "safe" long term grazing capacities for individual grazing properties.
Combining actual stock, climatic and land condition data enabled the estimation o f real-time forage growth and utilisation for 46 properties for the period 1986 to 1989. Estimates o f annual forage utilisation (5-95%) by sheep and cattle on these properties were compared to known “safe” levels of utilisation (15-25%). These were derived from the combined experience of (1) re-analysis o f the results of grazing trials, (2) reaching a consensus on local knowledge and (3) examination o f existing grazing practice on “benchmark ” grazing properties.
If land managers and administrators used such an ecological approach to assess grazing capacity, improved land management practices may follow as a result of more informed decision making. This thesis quantifies the key ecological relationships in a practical model for estimating the grazing capacity o f individual properties in south-west Queensland. When used in a spreadsheet or as a series o f manual calculations, "safe" grazing capacities for individual properties and paddocks were estimated by both land managers and administrators. Land managers evaluating the model recommended that the “various relevant bodies and particularly the grazing industry accept the methodology for estimating the grazing capacities in the Mulga lands o f south-west Queensland". Through application of such an approach, our understanding o f the risks associated with grazing in south-west Queensland, and our ability to “safely ” utilise the resource will be improved.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Animal culture > Cattle
Animal culture > Rangelands. Range management. Grazing
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Agriculture > By region or country > Australia > Queensland
Deposited On:20 Dec 2022 04:55
Last Modified:20 Dec 2022 04:55

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