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Detection of equine herpesvirus type 1 using a real-time polymerase chain reaction.

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Diallo, I.S., Hewitson, G., Wright, L., Rodwell, B.J. and Corney, B.G. (2006) Detection of equine herpesvirus type 1 using a real-time polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Virological Methods, 131 (1). pp. 92-98.

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2005.07.010

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com


Equid herpesvirus 1 (EHV1) is a major disease of equids worldwide causing considerable losses to the horse industry. A variety of techniques, including PCR have been used to diagnose EHV1. Some of these PCRs were used in combination with other techniques such as restriction enzyme analysis (REA) or hybridisation, making them cumbersome for routine diagnostic testing and increasing the chances of cross-contamination. Furthermore, they involve the use of suspected carcinogens such as ethidium bromide and ultraviolet light. In this paper, we describe a real-time PCR, which uses minor groove-binding probe (MGB) technology for the diagnosis of EHV1. This technique does not require post-PCR manipulations thereby reducing the risk of cross-contamination. Most importantly, the technique is specific; it was able to differentiate EHV1 from the closely related member of the Alphaherpesvirinae, equid herpesvirus 4 (EHV4). It was not reactive with common opportunistic pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter agglomerans often involved in abortion. Similarly, it did not react with equine pathogens such as Streptococcus equi, Streptococcus equisimilis, Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Taylorella equigenitalis and Rhodococcus equi, which also cause abortion. The results obtained with this technique agreed with results from published PCR methods. The assay was sensitive enough to detect EHV1 sequences in paraffin-embedded tissues and clinical samples. When compared to virus isolation, the test was more sensitive. This test will be useful for the routine diagnosis of EHV1 based on its specificity, sensitivity, ease of performance and rapidity.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© Elsevier.
Keywords:Equine herpesvirus; minor groove-binding (MGB) probe; polymerase chain reaction; TaqMan; diagnosis.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Horses
Veterinary medicine
Live Archive:21 Jan 2009 02:15
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:47

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