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Development of a Single Kernel NIR Barley Protein Calibration and Assessment of Variation in Protein on Grain Quality

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Fox, G. P., Kelly, A. M., Sweeney, N. and Hocroft, D. M. (2011) Development of a Single Kernel NIR Barley Protein Calibration and Assessment of Variation in Protein on Grain Quality. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 117 (4). pp. 582-586. ISSN 0046-9750

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2011.tb00507.x

Publisher URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2011.tb00507.x


ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe results from a preliminary experiment on the development of a near infrared reflectance (NIR) calibration for single kernel (SK) % protein content in barley. The SKNIR calibration was developed using kernels from breeding lines and commercial barley varieties with a range in protein content of 7.3% to 16.6% “as is”. The calibration model produced an R2 = 0.903, while the validation set had a R2 = 0.837 with a standard error of cross validation and a standard error of prediction of 0.8% for both the calibration and validation sets respectively. The calibration was then used to estimate the variation in % protein of 4,000 single kernels from a commercial variety (Gairdner at 9.3% protein) by segregating kernels into six sub-groups (<7.8%, 7.9–8.3%, 8.4–9.0%, 9.1–9.7%, 9.8–10.4%, >10.5% “as is”). These sub-groups then had additional grain quality tests carried out including grain size, thousand kernel weight and NIR estimates of % protein, starch, hardness and barley hot water extract (HWE). The results showed an increase in grain size, and a decrease in HWE from the low to high % protein sub-groups. While only a single variety was used in the SKNIR protein segregation study, the results suggested SKNIR could be used to screen for the variation in grain quality traits based on variation in protein content.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
Plant culture > Field crops > Barley
Live Archive:09 Jun 2022 05:45
Last Modified:09 Jun 2022 05:45

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