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A universal test to determine the integrity of RNA, and its suitability for reverse transcription, in animal tissue laboratory specimens

Oakey, H.J. (2007) A universal test to determine the integrity of RNA, and its suitability for reverse transcription, in animal tissue laboratory specimens. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 19 (5). pp. 459-464.

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Publisher URL: http://jvdi.org/


Degradation of RNA in diagnostic specimens can cause false-negative test results and potential misdiagnosis when tests rely on the detection of specific RNA sequence. Current molecular methods of checking RNA integrity tend to be host species or group specific, necessitating libraries of primers and reaction conditions. The objective here was to develop a universal (multi-species) quality assurance tool for determining the integrity of RNA in animal tissues submitted to a laboratory for analyses. Ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) transcribed from the mitochondrial 16S rDNA was used as template material for reverse transcription to cDNA and was amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). As mitochondrial DNA has a high level of conservation, the primers used were shown to reverse transcribe and amplify RNA from every animal species tested. Deliberate degradation of rRNA template through temperature abuse of samples resulted in no reverse transcription and amplification. Samples spiked with viruses showed that single-stranded viral RNA and rRNA in the same sample degraded at similar rates, hence reverse transcription and PCR amplification of 16S rRNA could be used as a test of sample integrity and suitability for analysis that required the sample's RNA, including viral RNA. This test will be an invaluable quality assurance tool for determination of RNA integrity from tissue samples, thus avoiding erroneous test results that might occur if degraded target RNA is used unknowingly as template material for reverse transcription and subsequent PCR amplification.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:© American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc.
Keywords:PCR; quality assurance; RNA; sample integrity; ribosome RNA; virus RNA; animal; article; bird; chemistry; Crustacea; fish; genetics; laboratory; laboratory diagnosis; mammal; reverse transcription; reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; animals; birds; fishes; laboratories; mammals; reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; ribosomal RNA; viral RNA; specimen handling.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Science > Biology > Genetics
Live Archive:29 Jan 2009 06:41
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:47

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