Login | Request Account (DAF staff only)

Degradation of the Indospicine Toxin from Indigofera spicata by a Mixed Population of Rumen Bacteria

Share this record

Add to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to XAdd to WechatAdd to Microsoft_teamsAdd to WhatsappAdd to Any

Export this record

View Altmetrics

Gilbert, R. A., Netzel, G., Chandra, K., Ouwerkerk, D. and Fletcher, M. T. (2021) Degradation of the Indospicine Toxin from Indigofera spicata by a Mixed Population of Rumen Bacteria. Toxins, 13 (6). ISSN 2072-6651


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins13060389


The leguminous plant species, Indigofera linnaei and Indigofera spicata are distributed throughout the rangeland regions of Australia and the compound indospicine (L-2-amino-6-amidinohexanoic acid) found in these palatable forage plants acts as a hepatotoxin and can accumulate in the meat of ruminant livestock and wild camels. In this study, bovine rumen fluid was cultivated in an in vitro fermentation system provided with Indigofera spicata plant material and the ability of the resulting mixed microbial populations to degrade indospicine was determined using UPLC–MS/MS over a 14 day time period. The microbial populations of the fermentation system were determined using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and showed distinct, time-related changes occurring as the rumen-derived microbes adapted to the fermentation conditions and the nutritional substrates provided by the Indigofera plant material. Within eight days of commencement, indospicine was completely degraded by the microbes cultivated within the fermenter, forming the degradation products 2-aminopimelamic acid and 2-aminopimelic acid within a 24 h time period. The in vitro fermentation approach enabled the development of a specifically adapted, mixed microbial population which has the potential to be used as a rumen drench for reducing the toxic side-effects and toxin accumulation associated with ingestion of Indigofera plant material by grazing ruminant livestock.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:indospicine Indigofera detoxification rumen bacteria fermentation
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary microbiology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary toxicology
Live Archive:06 Jun 2021 23:38
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:46

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics