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Investigation of an innovative preservative treatment of green timber using compression

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Kumar, C. (2021) Investigation of an innovative preservative treatment of green timber using compression. Wood Material Science & Engineering . pp. 1-8. ISSN 1748-0272

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/17480272.2021.1898466


Impregnation of an appropriate chemical compound in wood is a common technique to improve durability, fire retardant properties, strength and dimensional stability, increase hardness and UV resistance. This study investigated a compression treatment followed by dipping in Alkaline Copper Quaternary solution (ACQ) as an alternative treatment method of green (unseasoned) southern pine timber. The effects of the compression parameters on ACQ uptake were investigated. The results showed that ACQ uptake increased disproportionally from 24 to 225 L/m3 with the increase of the compression ratio from 10% to 50%. ACQ uptake increased gradually from 65 to 120 L/m3 at a compression speed between 5 and 40 mm/min and dropped to 46 L/m3 for a compression speed of 50 mm/min. Radial compression resulted in a lower uptake than 45° and tangential compression. The penetration depth of Cu was satisfactory for most of the sapwood specimens for a compression ratio greater than 30%. For the heartwood/sapwood mixed specimens, 100% Cu penetration was achieved in the sapwood portion however the heartwood portion remained unpenetrated. The compression treatment could potentially reduce the treated timber cost by reducing drying cost and processing time while achieving a satisfactory performance as specified by the Australian standard.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Additional Information:#
Keywords:Timber treatment Alkaline Copper Quaternary (ACQ) compression treatment preservative penetration retention AgTech AgriTech
Subjects:Forestry > Research. Experimentation
Forestry > Forestry machinery and engineering
Forestry > Exploitation and utilization
Live Archive:16 Mar 2021 04:01
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:46

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