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Comparison of three serological tests for the detection of Coxiella burnetii specific antibodies in European wild rabbits.

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Caraguel, C., Bassett, S., González-Barrio, D., Elsworth, P. and Chaber, A.-L. (2020) Comparison of three serological tests for the detection of Coxiella burnetii specific antibodies in European wild rabbits. BMC veterinary research, 16 (1). p. 315. ISSN 1746-6148


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02526-w



Coxiella burnetii causes Q fever, a zoonotic bacterial disease with a multi-host cycle and reservoirs in wild and domestic animal species. Q fever has a significant impact on the Australian public health and economy but its ecology and contributing reservoir species remain poorly understood. In Europe, rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were identified as a major reservoir of C. burnetii and it is possible that they play a similar role in Australia. In absence of commercial kit available for rabbit, the Thermo Fisher - PrioCHECK™ Ruminant Q fever Ab Plate Kit was adapted to successfully screen rabbits population in Europe. However, this assay is not accessible in Australia and we assessed the equivalency of two commercially available kits in Australia - IDEXX - CHEKIT Q Fever Antibody ELISA kit and IDVet - ID Screen® Q Fever Indirect Multi-species with the Thermo Fisher kit (reference kit).


A total of 94 rabbit sera were screened by all three ELISA kits using the same confirmed positive and negative controls. While the IDEXX kit failed to agree the other two assays (concordance correlation coefficient, r < 0.77), IDVet kit showed satisfactory equivalency with Thermo Fisher (r = 0.927).


IDvet kit provides the best alternative for Thermo Fisher in the detection of C. burnetii specific antibodies in rabbits in Australia. Further trials are required to confirm these preliminary results due to the low seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii observed in the study sera.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Biosecurity Queensland
Additional Information:Open access
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Animals > Animal control and ecology
Science > Zoology > Chordates. Vertebrates > Mammals
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary epidemiology. Epizootiology
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals
Live Archive:14 Sep 2020 03:37
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:46

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