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Effects of increased scrotal temperature on semen quality and seminal plasma proteins in Brahman bulls

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Boe-Hansen, G. B., Rêgo, J. P. A., Satake, N., Venus, B., Sadowski, P., Nouwens, A., Li, Y. and McGowan, M. (2020) Effects of increased scrotal temperature on semen quality and seminal plasma proteins in Brahman bulls. Molecular Reproduction and Development, 87 (5). pp. 574-597. ISSN 1040-452X

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1002/mrd.23328

Publisher URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mrd.23328


Abstract Environmental temperature has effects on sperm quality with differences in susceptibility between cattle subspecies and breeds, but very little is known about the seminal plasma protein (SPP) changes resulting from testicular heat stress. Scrotal insulation (SI) for 48 hr was applied to Brahman (Bos indicus) bulls. Semen was collected at 3-day intervals from before, until 74 days post-SI. The changes in sperm morphology and motility following SI were comparable to previously reported and differences were detected in measures of sperm chromatin conformation as early as 8 days post-SI. New proteins spots, in the SPP two-dimensional (2-D) gels, were apparent when comparing pre-SI with 74 days post-SI, and SPP identified as associated with mechanisms of cellular repair and protection. Similar trends between 2-D gel and Sequential Window Acquisition of All Theoretical Mass Spectra (SWATH-MS) data was observed, with SWATH-MS able to quantify individual SPP that otherwise were not resolved on 2-D gel. The SPP assessment at peak sperm damage (21–24 days) showed a significant difference in 29 SPP (adjusted p < .05), and identified six proteins with change in abundance in the SI group. In conclusion both spermatozoa and SPP composition of bulls are susceptible to temperature change incurred by SI, and SPP markers for testicular heat insults may be detected.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Science > Biology > Genetics
Science > Biology > Reproduction
Animal culture > Breeding and breeds
Animal culture > Cattle
Live Archive:01 Sep 2020 02:35
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:46

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