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Breaking and Flowering: The Budding Story of Macadamia

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Barbier, F., Gong, Y., Parfitt, S. C., Hardner, C., Wilkie, J. and Beveridge, C. (2019) Breaking and Flowering: The Budding Story of Macadamia. Proceedings, 36 (1). p. 166. ISSN 2504-3900

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019036166


Macadamia is the only Australian native crop tree. Unlike some model crop trees like apple or peach trees, the understanding of the physiological mechanisms regulating bud break and flowering in macadamia has never been investigated. We have recently attempted to fill this gap by improving the genetic resources available for macadamia. We identified several components involved in flowering and bud break, including the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). FT is a mobile protein, synthesized in the leaves which triggers flowering in terminal and axillary buds. In macadamia, we found two FT-related genes, FTa and FTb namely. FTa and FTb are differentially regulated; FTa being more abundant in axillary buds than leaves, which is unexpected based on the studies performed in model plants. Analysis of the promoter sequences of FTa and FTb, revealed that the FTa regulation may be closer to FT regulation in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Gene expression in buds revealed that the expression of TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1), a gene previously reported to inhibit flowering, was induced prior to bud break and flowering. The patterns of marker gene expression in buds highlighted that the bud dormancy decreased before May, after which flowering induction occurs. Altogether these results shed light on the regulation of bud break and flowering in macadamia and demonstrate that some regulatory mechanisms may be different from other models.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Horticulture and Forestry Science
Keywords:macadamia flowering regulation bud break FLOWERING LOCUS T
Subjects:Plant culture > Tree crops
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Nuts
Live Archive:28 Jul 2020 05:39
Last Modified:26 Oct 2022 00:11

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