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Evaluation of variation in Ethiopian sorghum injera quality with new imaging techniques

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Fox, G., Nugusu, Y., Nida, H., Tedessa, T., McLean, G. and Jordan, D. (2020) Evaluation of variation in Ethiopian sorghum injera quality with new imaging techniques. Cereal Chemistry, 97 (2). pp. 362-372. ISSN 0009-0352

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1002/cche.10252

Publisher URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cche.10252


Background and Objectives Injera (a fermented pancake-like product) is a traditional food in Ethiopia but is traditionally made from tef (Eragrostis tef). But sorghum also a traditional Ethiopian crop can be used although considered having a lower quality. A 139 sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) cultivars and their corresponding injera were tested for a range of chemical tests, namely total starch, amylose, and tannin contents, plus a newly developed image analysis program to provide objective measures of the injera. Findings The results showed several sorghums were superior to tef in making injera, based on the chemical, image, and/or sensory analysis. Tannin content was highly positively correlated with color and negatively with taste, while high starch content was more related to softness and rollability. The imaging analysis also provided a rapid and more objective assessment of injera. Two sensory traits, color and eye evenness, were strongly positively correlated to the image data, through L*, a* and b*, and average pixel count per “eye,” respectively. Conclusions Quality testing involving human sensory panels within a breeding program is time consuming, costly and can be impractical for the selection of superior lines from large numbers of selection candidates to the next stage. Objective tests such as imaging analysis can be used at earlier stages in the breeding program which would allow breeding lines with suitable injera quality to be progressed. This would result in new sorghum varieties with fresh injera quality similar too or better than tef. Significance and novelty A new image analysis program compliments chemical analysis for early screening of sorghums for injera, saving time and costs.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:amylose ; image analysis ; injera ; sensory evaluation ; sorghum ; starch content ; tannin ; AgTech AgriTech
Subjects:Science > Botany > Plant physiology
Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Field crops > Sorghum
Technology > Technology (General)
Live Archive:27 May 2020 00:47
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:45

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