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Alternative diagnostic tools for White Spot Disease

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Fowler, E. V. and Ambrose, R. (2019) Alternative diagnostic tools for White Spot Disease. Proceedings, 36 (1). p. 49. ISSN 2504-3900

Full text not currently attached. Access may be available via the Publisher's website or OpenAccess link.

Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019036049

Publisher URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2504-3900/36/1/49


The Queensland prawn production industry is worth >$87 million annually and the 2016 White Spot Disease (WSD) outbreak caused >$25 million in losses and complete destruction of all livestock on eight farms in the Logan River region. Whilst the outbreak was restricted to South East Queensland, its source, and hence the risk for re-infection, remains unknown, resulting in a need for
ongoing surveillance. Early detection of WSD infection on farms is a high priority which can be facilitated via development of improved diagnostic tools. Current diagnosis requires specialised laboratory testing so there is a need for a simple, rapid, robust in-field diagnostic test to complement this.
We have developed an alternative diagnostic tool for WSD that is suitable for use both in the laboratory and at pond-side. Assay performance was evaluated with pure DNA and crude tissue samples with minimal preparation, giving results similar to traditional DNA testing performed in
the laboratory. Our assay is sensitive, specific & accurate; gives results comparable to quantitative
PCR (current gold standard); has lower reagent costs; fast workflow of <90 min and is fielddeployable.
Point of care detection for WSD is an important tool for the future, and our assay is an ideal candidate to fill this space as it will complement the current diagnostic tools already available, to help manage high sample loads and facilitate faster disease diagnosis. This will assist in limiting the spread of the virus through early detection and reducing the risk of disease outbreak, thus protecting Queensland’s valuable prawn aquaculture industry.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:White Spot Disease; point-of-care diagnostics; prawn virus surveillance
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Modelling
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary virology
Veterinary medicine > Other diseases and conditions
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Fishery conservation
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Aquaculture > Shellfish culture
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Shellfish fisheries
Live Archive:08 Jan 2020 02:59
Last Modified:10 Jul 2023 00:46

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