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Biotic and Abiotic Constraints in Mungbean Production—Progress in Genetic Improvement

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Nair, R. M., Pandey, A. K., War, A. R., Hanumantharao, B., Shwe, T., Alam, A., Pratap, A., Malik, S. R., Karimi, R., Mbeyagala, E. K., Douglas, C. A., Rane, J. and Schafleitner, R. (2019) Biotic and Abiotic Constraints in Mungbean Production—Progress in Genetic Improvement. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10 (1340). ISSN 1664-462X


Article Link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01340

Publisher URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.01340


Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek var. radiata] is an important food and cash legume crop in Asia. Development of short duration varieties has paved the way for the expansion of mungbean into other regions such as Sub-Saharan Africa and South America. Mungbean productivity is constrained by biotic and abiotic factors. Bruchids, whitefly, thrips, stem fly, aphids, and pod borers are the major insect-pests. The major diseases of mungbean are yellow mosaic, anthracnose, powdery mildew, Cercospora leaf spot, halo blight, bacterial leaf spot, and tan spot. Key abiotic stresses affecting mungbean production are drought, waterlogging, salinity, and heat stress. Mungbean breeding has been critical in developing varieties with resistance to biotic and abiotic factors, but there are many constraints still to address that include the precise and accurate identification of resistance source(s) for some of the traits and the traits conferred by multi genes. Latest technologies in phenotyping, genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics could be of great help to understand insect/pathogen-plant, plant-environment interactions and the key components responsible for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. This review discusses current biotic and abiotic constraints in mungbean production and the challenges in genetic improvement.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science
Keywords:mungbean,Breeding,Stresses,Insect-pests,Diseases,marker-assisted selection
Subjects:Science > Botany > Genetics
Plant culture > Food crops
Plant culture > Field crops
Live Archive:02 Dec 2019 05:16
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:45

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