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Effect of feed wastage on piggery effluent characteristics

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Skerman, A. G., Willis, S., Batstone, D. J., Yap, S. D. and Tait, S. (2017) Effect of feed wastage on piggery effluent characteristics. Animal Production Science, 57 (12). p. 2481.

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Article Link: https://doi.org/10.1071/ANv57n12Ab024


Across the Australian pork industry, a 5% change in feed wastage is 82 000 tonnes feed/year, with a current value of approximately $38m. While its importance is widely recognised, there are currently no practical robust methods to quantify feed wastage. Feed wastage influences feed efficiency, shed (manure), effluent management practices and effluent characteristics. Accordingly, the present study hypothesised that feed wastage could be estimated from effluent characteristics.

To relate feed wastage to effluent characteristics, the study used an innovative modelling and experimental approach to simulate different rates of feed wastage and assess its effects on piggery effluent. Quantities of pig feed (wheat and barley based grower diet), faeces, urine, flush water (clean bore water) and shed effluent (collected over 24 h in an agitated sump) were sampled from a commercial batch grower shed, housing 535 pigs (average 45 kg live weight at 13 weeks of age). Pre-determined proportions of these samples were mixed to simulate shed effluent having four different rates of feed wastage (Treatments A–D). Treatment A was composed of faeces, urine and flush water only, to simulate zero feed wastage. Treatment B was raw effluent discharged from the shed. Treatments C and D were composed of raw shed effluent with added feed, to simulate higher rates of feed wastage. The resulting samples were analysed to evaluate the total solids (TS), volatile solids (VS) and biochemical methane potential (BMP). Analyses of variance (ANOVA) followed by protected least significant difference (l.s.d.) testing were performed on the analysis results, at the 5% level, using Genstat 16.1 (VSN International, Hemel Hempstead, UK). The AUSPIG growth and production simulation model (Davies et al. 1998) was used to simulate the age, live weight, P2 back-fat and feed intake of the pigs in the trial shed over their entire growth cycle (wean-to-finish). The genotype settings and feed intake factors in the model were adjusted so that measured and predicted performance parameters (growth rate, P2 backfat and feed intake) were similar for the batch of pigs. For each of the four treatments, the extent of feed wastage was then estimated using the AUSPIG model (as reference for comparison) and separately by total solids mass balance.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural structures. Farm buildings
Animal culture > Swine
Animal culture > Feeds and feeding. Animal nutrition
Live Archive:07 Dec 2017 01:03
Last Modified:20 Jul 2023 03:32

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