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Application of commercially available, low-cost, miniaturised NIR spectrometers to the assessment of the sugar content of intact fruit

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Walsh, K.B., Guthrie, J.A. and Burney, J. (2000) Application of commercially available, low-cost, miniaturised NIR spectrometers to the assessment of the sugar content of intact fruit. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 12 (27). pp. 1175-1186.


Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PP99111

Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/


Recent decreases in costs, and improvements in performance, of silicon array detectors open a range of potential applications of relevance to plant physiologists, associated with spectral analysis in the visible and short-wave near infra-red (far-red) spectrum. The performance characteristics of three commercially available ‘miniature’ spectrometers based on silicon array detectors operating in the 650–1050-nm spectral region (MMS1 from Zeiss, S2000 from Ocean Optics, and FICS from Oriel, operated with a Larry detector) were compared with respect to the application of non-invasive prediction of sugar content of fruit using near infra-red spectroscopy (NIRS). The FICS–Larry gave the best wavelength resolution; however, the narrow slit and small pixel size of the charge-coupled device detector resulted in a very low sensitivity, and this instrumentation was not considered further. Wavelength resolution was poor with the MMS1 relative to the S2000 (e.g. full width at half maximum of the 912 nm Hg peak, 13 and 2 nm for the MMS1 and S2000, respectively), but the large pixel height of the array used in the MMS1 gave it sensitivity comparable to the S2000. The signal-to-signal standard error ratio of spectra was greater by an order of magnitude with the MMS1, relative to the S2000, at both near saturation and low light levels. Calibrations were developed using reflectance spectra of filter paper soaked in range of concentrations (0–20% w/v) of sucrose, using a modified partial least squares procedure. Calibrations developed with the MMS1 were superior to those developed using the S2000 (e.g. coefficient of correlation of 0.90 and 0.62, and standard error of cross-validation of 1.9 and 5.4%, respectively), indicating the importance of high signal to noise ratio over wavelength resolution to calibration accuracy. The design of a bench top assembly using the MMS1 for the non-invasive assessment of mesocarp sugar content of (intact) melon fruit is reported in terms of light source and angle between detector and light source, and optimisation of math treatment (derivative condition and smoothing function).

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Reproduced with permission from © CSIRO Publishing. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website. {Journal name changed to Functional Plant Biology}.
Keywords:Charge-coupled device; in-line; fruit quality; miniature spectrometer; near infra-red spectroscopy; non-invasive assessment; photodiode array; resolution; sweetness.
Subjects:Science > Science (General)
Technology > Technology (General) > Spectroscopy > NIR (Near Infrared)
Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
Live Archive:08 Jul 2004
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:47

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