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Indigofera linnaei-a problem legume across northern pastures

Fletcher, M., Tan, E. and Silcock, R. (2014) Indigofera linnaei-a problem legume across northern pastures. In: Joint ISNH/ISRP International Conference 2014: Harnessing the Ecology and Physiology of Herbivores, 8-12 September 2014, National Convention Centre, Canberra, Australia.

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Article Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271085482...


Indigofera linnaei (or Birdsville Indigo) is a native legume with widespread abundance in pastures across northern Australian, and occurs in all northern regions of Australia from the tropical Kimberleys and arid central Australia to subhumid coastal Queensland (Figure 1). I. linnaei in central Australia has been linked to canine fatalities due to the toxin indospicine. Indospicine, an analog of arginine, is an unusual non-protein amino acid found only in a number of Indigofera species including I. linnaei. Dogs are particularly sensitive to the heptatoxicity of indospicine, and while they do not themselves consume the plant, dogs have been poisoned indirectly through the consumption of indospicine-contaminated meat from horses and camels grazing in regions where I. linnaei is common (Hegarty and Pound 1988, FitzGerald et al 2011). I. linnaei is observed to occur in various forms from strongly prostrate in south-east Queensland to an erect shrub-like form growing to more than 50cm in height in some northern regions. It mostly occurs as a minor proportion of native pasture but denser stands develop under certain circumstances. The indospicine content of I. linnaei has not previously been reported outside of central Australia, and in this study we investigate the indospicine content of plant samples collected across various regions, including both prostrate and upright forms. All samples were collected in March-July, dried, milled and analysed by UPLC-MS/MS in an adaption of our method (Tan et al 2014). Indospicine was determined in all I. linnaei plant samples regardless of region or growth form (Table 1). Measured levels were in the range 159.5 to 658.8 mg/kg DM and indicate that this plant may pose a similar problem in all areas dependent on local seasonal abundance.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Animal Science
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary toxicology
Animal culture > Rangelands. Range management. Grazing
Live Archive:26 Jul 2015 23:31
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:50

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