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Cotton bunchy top virus and other relatives

Sharman, M., Wilson, L. J., Smith, T., Webb, M., Grundy, P., Ellis, M. H., Gambley, C., Thomas, J. E., Giband, M., Suassuna, N., Belot, J.-L., Lapbanjob, S. and Warawichanee, K. (2013) Cotton bunchy top virus and other relatives. In: Australian cotton research conference, Narrabri, Australia..

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Cotton bunchy top virus (CBTV) and the related Cotton leafroll dwarf virus (CLRDV) have caused sporadic disease outbreaks in most cotton regions of the world. Until recently, little was known about the diversity of CBTV or its natural host range. Seven natural field hosts and one experimental host of CBTV have now been identified. These include cotton, Malva parviflora (Marshmallow weed), Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf), Anoda cristata (Spurred anoda), Hibiscus sabdariffa (Rosella), Sida rhombifolia (Paddy’s lucerne), Chamaesyce hirta (Asthma plant) and Gossypium australe. These are currently the only eight known hosts of CBTV. However the virus may have a wider host range than originally thought and include further non-Malvaceae species like asthma plant (family Euphorbiaceae).
There are two distinct strains of CBTV in Australia, -A and -B, which have been detected in cotton from numerous locations across almost all growing regions. From 105 samples of cotton that have been positive for CBTV, 6 were infections of strain A only, 60 were strain B only and 64 were a mixed infection of strains A and B. These results indicate the symptoms of cotton bunchy top disease are closely associated with the presence of strain CBTV-B.
A diagnostic assay for Cotton leafroll dwarf virus (CLRDV - cotton blue disease) is being developed and applied successfully for the detection of CLRDV samples from Brazil and Thailand. This is the first confirmation of CLRDV from SE-Asia, which may pose an increased biosecurity threat to the Australian industry.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Business groups:Crop and Food Science, Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases
Plant culture > Field crops > Textile and fibre plants
Live Archive:21 Aug 2014 05:33
Last Modified:12 Sep 2022 06:20

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