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Scrotal circumference of Australian beef bulls

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Fordyce, G., McGowan, M. R., Lisle, A., Muller, T., Allen, J., Duff, C., Holroyd, R. G., Corbet, N. J. and Burns, B. M. (2014) Scrotal circumference of Australian beef bulls. Theriogenology, 81 (6). pp. 805-812. ISSN 0093-691X

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2013.12...

Publisher URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0093691X13005360


Normal range for scrotal circumference in Australian beef bulls was established using more than 300,000 measurements of breed, management group, age, liveweight, and scrotal circumference. The data used were derived from Australian bull breeders and two large research projects in northern Australia. Most bulls were within 250 to 750 kg liveweight and 300 to 750 days of age. The differences between breeds and variances within breeds were higher when scrotal circumference was predicted from age rather than liveweight, because of variance in growth rates. The average standard deviation for predicted scrotal circumference from liveweight and age was 25 and 30 mm, respectively. Scrotal circumference by liveweight relationships have a similar pattern across all breeds, except in Waygu, with a 50 to 70 mm range in average scrotal circumference at liveweights between 250 and 750 kg. Temperate breed bulls tended to have higher scrotal circumference at the same liveweight than tropically adapted breeds. Five groupings of common beef breeds in Australian were identified, within which there were similar predictions of scrotal circumference from liveweight. It was concluded that liveweight and breed are required to identify whether scrotal circumference is within normal range for Australian beef bulls that experience a wide range of nutritional conditions.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Animal Science
Keywords:Beef cattle Scrotal circumference Weight Age Breed
Subjects:Science > Biology > Reproduction
Animal culture > Cattle
Live Archive:01 Jul 2014 05:35
Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 16:49

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