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Weed age affects chemical control of Conyza bonariensis in fallows

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Walker, S., Boucher, L., Cook, T., Davidson, B., McLean, A. and Widderick, M. J. (2012) Weed age affects chemical control of Conyza bonariensis in fallows. Crop Protection, 38 . pp. 15-20. ISSN 0261-2194

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Article Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2012.03.008


In the last decade, Conyza bonariensis has become a widespread and difficult-to-control weed in Australian broad-acre cropping, particularly in glyphosate-based zero-tilled fallows of the subtropical grain region. The first Australian populations of C. bonariensis, where it is known as flaxleaf fleabane, were confirmed resistant to glyphosate in 2010. Control with alternative herbicides in fallows has been inconsistent, with earlier research indicating that weed age could be a potential contributing factor. In two field experiments, the impact of weed age (one, two and three months) was measured on the efficacy of six non-selective herbicide mixtures and sequential applications for control in fallows. In another two experiments we evaluated 11 non-selective herbicides, mixtures and sequential applications applied to one and three month old weeds using higher rates on older weeds. When herbicide rates were consistent for different weed ages, efficacy was reduced only by an average of 1% when two month old weeds were treated compared to one month old weeds. However when applied to three month old weeds, efficacy of treatments was significantly (P < 0.001) reduced by 3-30%. When herbicide rates were increased, weed age had no adverse effect on efficacy, which ranged from 90 to 100%, for amitrole, glyphosate mixed with 2,4-D amine plus picloram, and three sequential application treatments of glyphosate mixtures followed with bipyridyl products. Thus, this problem weed can be controlled effectively and consistently at the rosette stage of one to two months old, or three month old weeds with several different treatments at robust rates. These effective glyphosate alternatives and sequential-application tactics will minimise replenishment of the soil seed-bank and further reduce the risk for further evolution of glyphosate resistance. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Crop and Food Science, Horticulture and Forestry Science
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Integrated weed control
Plant culture > Field crops
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Effect of herbicides
Plant pests and diseases > Weeds, parasitic plants etc
Live Archive:04 Sep 2013 02:38
Last Modified:23 Feb 2023 01:08

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